DEBT SERVICE COVERAGE RATIO    















  


DEBT SERVICE COVERAGE RATIO

  

STOCK LOAN

HARD MONEY

STATED INCOME

OFFICE CONDOS

NON-RECOURSE

SBA LOAN

BUSINESS ACQUISITION

FRANCHISE STARTUP

APARTMENT

MULTI-FAMILY

COMMERCIAL LOAN

NO DEBT SERVICE

CHURCH

HOTELS

GLOSSARY

DSCR

 

 

 

Steps to Calculating the Debt Service Coverage Ratio  (DSCR)


The most important ratio to understand when making income property loans is the debt service coverage ratio. Here is the formula:

DSCR  = Net Operating Income (NOI)/ Total Debt Service

To better understand the Debt Service Coverage Ratio is to understand the numerator and denominator. Letís take a look at the net operating income first.

Net Operating Income is the income from an income property less all the operating expenses:

Scheduled Rents                                               $150,000

Less 5% Vacancy & Collection Costs                 $7,500

Effective Gross Income                                     $142,500

Less Operating Expenses
            Real Estate Taxes
            Repairs
            Insurance
            Maintenance
            Utilities
            Management
            Replacement Reserves
           

Total Operating Expenses                                  $35,000

Net Operating Income (NOI)                             $107,500

Please Note:

Please remember that most lenders insist a management factor of 3-6% of the effective gross income even if the property is managed by the owner. The reason for this is the lender figures they will have to pay for the management of the property if they took back the property.

Lenders require a vacancy factor of usually 5-10% of the gross income to cover any collection cost or vacancy cushion.

Now letís figure out the denominator. The Total Debt Service includes all the principal and interest payments, (on all mortgages) on the property. Do not add in the insurance or tax expense, they were already accounted for in the Net Operating Income (NOI).

Finished! Now divide the Net Operating Income (NOI) by the mortgage payment(s). Here is an example:

Net Operating Income  =  $107,500

Total Debt Service  (Mortgage payments)  =  $80,000

DSCR = $107,500/ 80,000  =  1.34%

DSCR = 1.34%

Most lenders require that the DSCR be higher than 1.10%, certain factors like the loan to value may warrant going below 1.10% and even below 1% if the loan to value is around 65%.

 

 


© MCMXCVIII Florida Mortgage Corporationģ, All Rights Reserved - SiteMap  -  SiteMap1  -  SiteMap2